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Research Articles

The (co-)corresponding authors marked by a  * and the co-first authors by ^

        111. Kwangwoo Kim, So-Young Bang, Young Bin Joo, Taehyeung Kim, Hye-Soon Lee, Changwon Kang, and Sang-
                 Cheol Bae "

Response to Intravenous Cyclophosphamide Treatment for Lupus Nephritis Associated with
                 Polymorphisms in the FCGR2B-FCRLA Locus" J. Rheumatol  [Published online on March 15, 2016]                                                                                          

        110. Sewon Kim, Kyunglan Kim, Dong Won Heo, Jong-Sung Kim, Chan Kee Park^, Chang-sik Kim^, and Changwon                    Kang^ "Expression-associated polymorphisms of CAV1-CAV2 affecting intraocular pressure and high-tension                    glaucoma risk" Molecular Vision 21, 548-554 [May 11, 2015

109. Tae-Un Han^, Hye-Soon Lee^, Changwon Kang*, and Sang-Cheol Bae* "Association of joint erosion                            withSLC22A4 gene polymorphisms inconsistently associated with rheumatoid arthritis                                                  susceptibility"Autoimmunity (Published online on                      February 24, 2015)

108. Changwon Kang, Ji-Joon Song, Jaeok Lee, and Mi Young Kim "Epigenetics: an emerging player in gastric                    cancer" World Journal of Gastroenterology 20(21),6433-6477 [June 2014]                                                                  (published online on June 7, 2014)

107Huong Minh Nguyen and Changwon Kang* "Lysis delay and burst shrinkage of coliphage T7 by deletion of                terminator Tφ reversed by deletion of early genes" Journal of Virology 88 (4), 2107-2115 [February,                          2014] (Published online on December 11, 2013)

106. Kwangwoo Kim^, Soo-Kyung Cho^, Tae-Un Han, Jae-Hoon Kim, Suk-Jo Kang, Changwon Kang*, and Sang-                  Cheol Bae* “A redundant epistatic interaction between IRF5 and STAT4 of the type I interferon pathway in              susceptibility to lupus and rheumatoid arthritis" Lupus 22 (13), 1336 - 1340 [November 2013]                             (Published online on Sep. 6, 2013)


105. Kyunglan Kim, Dong Won HeoSewon Kim, Jong-Sung Kim, Chang-sik, Kim*, and Changwon Kang*                             "Expansive marker analysis replicating the association of glaucoma susceptibility with human chromosome             loci 1q43 and 10p12.31" European Journal of Human Genetics 22 (3) 409-413 [Mar.2014]                                      (Published online on July 10, 2013)



104. Hye-Soon Lee^, Taehyeung Kim^, So Young Bang, Young Ji Na, Il Kim, Kwangwoo Kim, Jae-Hoon Kim, Yeun-             Jun Chung, Hyoung Doo Shin, Young Mo Kang, SeungCheol Shim, Chang-Hee Suh, Yong-Beom Park, Jong-                 Sung Kim, Changwon Kang*, Sang-Cheol Bae* "Ethnic specificity of lupus-associated loci identified in a                     genome-wide association study in Korean women" Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases                                            (Publicationed online on Jun. 5, 2013)



 103. Seung Hun Lee^, Seon Woo Lee^, Seong Hee Ahn, Taehyeung Kim, Kyeong-Hye Lim, Beom-Jun Kim, Eun-Hee          Cho, Sang-Wook Kim, Tae-Ho Kim, Ghi Su Kim, Shin-Yoon Kim, Jung-Min Koh*, and Changwon Kang*                          "Multiple gene polymorphisms can improve prediction of non-vertebral fracture in postmenopausal                          women" Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 28 (10), 2156-2164 [October 2013]                                                 (Published online on Apr. 9, 2013)



 102Tae-Un Han^, Soo-Kyung Cho^, Taehyeung Kim, Young Bin Joo, Sang-Cheol Bae*, and Changwon Kang*                    "Association of an activity-enhancing variant of IRAK1 and an MECP2-IRAK1 haplotype associating with                     increased susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis" Arthritis & Rheumatism 65 (3), 590-598 [March 2013]            (Published online on Dec. 10, 2012)



101Minjin Kim, Hyoungseok Ju, Byungho Lim, and Changwon Kang* "Maspin Genetically and   Functionally                    Associates with Gastric Cancer by Regulating Cell Cycle Progression" Carcinogenesis 33 (12), 2344-2350                    [December 2012] (Published online on Sep. 8, 2012)



100. Kwangwoo Kim^, Elizabeth E. Brown^, Chan-Bum Choi, Marta E. Alarcón-Riquelme on behalf of BIOLUPUS,              Jennifer A. Kelly, Stuart B. Glenn, Joshua O. Ojwang, Adam Adler, Hye-Soon Lee, Susan A. Boackle, Lindsey              A. Criswell, Graciela S. Alarcón, Jeffrey C. Edberg, Anne M. Stevens, Chaim O. Jacob, Gary S. Gilkeson, Diane            L. Kamen, Betty P. Tsao, Juan-Manuel Anaya, Joel M. Guthridge, Swapan K. Nath, Bruce Richardson, Amr H.              Sawalha, Young Mo Kang, Seung Cheol Shim, Chang-Hee Suh, Soo-Kon Lee, Chang-sik Kim, Joan T. Merrill,                Michelle Petri, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Luis M. Vilá, Timothy B. Niewold, Javier Martin, Bernardo A.                    Pons-Estel on behalf of GENLES, Timothy J. Vyse, Barry I. Freedman, Kathy L. Moser, Patrick M. Gaffney,                    Adrienne Williams, Mary Comeau, John D. Reveille, Judith A. James, R. Hal Scofield, Carl D. Langefeld,                      Kenneth M. Kaufman, John B. Harley, Changwon Kang*, Robert P. Kimberly*, and Sang-Cheol Bae*                            "Variation in the ICAM1-ICAM4-ICAM5 locus is associated with systemic lupus erythematosus susceptibility            in multiple ancestries" Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 71 (11), 1809-1814 [October, 2012] Editor's                        Choice, (Published online on April 20, 2012)



99Bahram Namjou^, Chan-Bum Choi^, Isaac T. W. Harley, Marta E. Alarcón-Riquelme, Jennifer A. Kelly, Stuart B.         Glenn, Joshua O. Ojwang, Adam Adler, Kwangwoo Kim, Caroline J. Gallant, Susan A. Boackle, Lindsey A.                   Criswell, Robert P. Kimberly, Elizabeth E. Brown, Jeffrey Edberg, Anne M. Stevens, Chaim O. Jacob, Gary S.               Gilkeson, Diane L. Kamen, Betty P. Tsao, Juan-Manuel Anaya, Eun-Mi Kim, So-Yeon Park, Yoon-Kyoung Sung,           Joel M. Guthridge, Joan T. Merrill, Michelle Petri, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Luis M. Vilá, Timothy B.                       Niewold, Javier Martin, Bernardo A. Pons-Estel, Timothy J. Vyse, Barry I. Freedman, Kathy L. Moser, Patrick M.       Gaffney, Adrienne Williams, Mary Comeau, John D. Reveille, Changwon Kang, Judith A. James, R. Hal Scofield,       Carl D. Langefeld, Kenneth M. Kaufman, John B. Harley, and Sang-Cheol Bae* "Evaluation of TRAF6 in a Large         Multi-Ancestral Lupus Cohort" Arthritis & Rheumatism 64 (6) 1960–1969 [June 2012]                                            (Published online on January 9, 2012)



98Byungho Lim, Hyoungseok Ju, Minjin Kim, and Changwon Kang* "Increased Genetic Susceptibility to                          Intestinal-type Gastric Cancer Is Associated with Increased Activity of the RUNX3 Distal Promoter"                            Cancer117 (22),  5161-5171 [November 15, 2011] (Published online                on April 26, 2011)

97Kyunglan Kim, Yong-jun Yun, Sewon Kim, Jong-Sung Kim, Chang-sik Kim, and Changwon Kang* "Analysis of             an Extended Chromosome Locus 2p14–21 for Replication of the 2p16.3 Association with Glaucoma                           Susceptibility" Molecular Vision 17, 1136–1143 [April 29, 2011

96Kwangwoo Kim^, So-Yeon Park^, Taehyeung Kim, Young Mo Kang, Seung-Cheol Shim, Chang-Hee Suh, Yong-           Beom Park, Chang-sik Kim, Changwon Kang*, and Sang-Cheol Bae* "Replicated Association of a Regulatory             Polymorphism in the Interferon-gamma Gene with Lupus Susceptibility" Annals of the Rheumatic                               Diseases70 (10), 1878–1879 [October 2011] (Published online               on April 24, 2011)


95Hyejung Won^, Won Mah^, Eunjin Kim, Jae-Won Kim, Eun-Kyoung Hahm, Myoung-Hwan Kim, Sukhee Cho,              Jeong-Jin Kim, Hyeran Jang, Soo-Churl Cho, Boong-Nyun Kim, Min-Sup Shin, Jinsoo Seo, Jaeseung Jeong, Se-            Young Choi, Daesoo Kim, Changwon Kang*, and Eunjoon Kim* "GIT1 Is Associated with ADHD in Humans and        ADHD-like Behaviors in Mice" Nature Medicine 17 (5), 566–572 [May 5, 2011]                                                         (Advanced Online Publication on April 17, 2011)



94Sooncheol Lee, and Changwon Kang* "Opposite Consequences of Two Transcription Pauses Caused by an                Intrinsic Terminator Oligo(U): Antitermination versus Termination by Bacteriophage T7 RNA                                         Polymerase"Journal of Biological Chemistry 286 (18), 15738–15746 [May 6, 2011]                                                  (Published online on March 11, 2011)


93Soohyun Lee, Chae Hwa Seo, Byungho Lim, Jin Ok Yang, Jeongsu Oh, Minjin Kim, Sooncheol Lee, Byungwook          Lee, Changwon Kang, and Sanghyuk Lee* "Accurate Quantification of Transcriptome from RNA-Seq Data by            Effective Length Normalization" Nucleic Acids Research 39 (2) e9,                                                                                in Advance Access on November 8, 2010)

92Hyoungseok Ju, Byungho Lim, Minjin Kim, Seung-Moo Noh, Woo Ho Kim, Chunhwa Ihm, Bo Youl Choi, Yong           Sung Kim, and Changwon Kang* "SERPINE1 Intron Polymorphisms Affecting Gene Expression Are Associated           with Diffuse-type Gastric Cancer Susceptibility" Cancer 116 (18), 4248–4255 [September 15, 2010]                    (Published online on June 14, 2010)

91So-Young Bang^, Tae-Un Han^, Chan-Bum Choi, Yoon-Kyoung Sung, Sang-Cheol Bae*, and Changwon Kang*           "Peptidyl Arginine Deiminase Type IV (PADI4) Haplotypes Interact with Shared Epitope Regardless of Anti-               cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Antibody or Erosive Joint Status in Rheumatoid Arthritis: a Case Control                           Study"Arthritis Research & Therapy 12 (3), R115, [Published online on June       10, 2010]


90Sooncheol Lee, Huong Minh Nguyen, and Changwon Kang* "Tiny Abortive Initiation Transcripts Exert                       Antitermination Activity on an RNA Hairpin-dependent Intrinsic Terminator" Nucleic Acids Research 38 (18),           6045-6053 [October, 2010] (Published in Advance Access on May 27,           2010)

89. Eunjin Kim^, Chan-Bum Choi^, Changwon Kang*, and Sang-Cheol Bae* "Adverse Events in Analgesic                         Treatment with Tramadol Associated with CYP2D6 Extensive-metaboliser and OPRM1 High-expression                     Variants" Ann. Rheum. Dis69 (10), 1889-1890 [October, 2010]                                                                                     online on May 5, 2010)

88. Soohyun Lee^, Seyeon Weon^, Sooncheol Lee, and Changwon Kang* "Relative Codon Adaptation Index, a               Sensitive Measure of Codon Usage Bias" Evolutionary Bioinformatics 6, 47-55 [May 5, 2010]                             

87. Hyoungseok Ju, Byungho Lim, Minjin Kim, Yong Sung Kim, Woo Ho Kim, Chunhwa Ihm, Seung-Moo Noh, Dong       Soo Han, Hang-Jong Yu, Bo Youl Choi, and Changwon Kang* "A Regulatory Polymorphism at Position -309 in           PTPRCAP Is Associated with Susceptibility to Diffuse-type Gastric Cancer and Gene                                                         Expression"Neoplasia 11 (12), 1340-1347 [December, 2009]

86. Kwangwoo Kim^, Soo-Kyung Cho^, Andrea Sestak, Bahram Namjou, Changwon Kang*, and Sang-Cheol Bae*           "Interferon-gamma Gene Polymorphisms Associated with Susceptibility to Systemic Lupus                                           Erythematosus"Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69 (6),1247-1250 [June, 2010]                                                                                    (published online on November 16, 2009)

85. Soo-Kyung Cho^, Tae-Un Han^, Kwangwoo Kim, So-Young Bang, Sang-Cheol Bae*, and Changwon Kang*                   "CD244 Is Not Associated with Susceptibility to Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in a         Korean Population" Arthritis & Rheumatism 60 (10), 3153-3154 [October, 2009]                                                      (published online on September 29, 2009)

84. Tae-Un Han^, So Young Bang^, Changwon Kang*, and Sang-Cheol Bae* "TRAF1 Polymorphisms Associated             with Rheumatoid Arthritis Susceptibility in Asians and Caucasians" Arthritis & Rheumatism 60 (9), 2577-2584         [September, 2009] (published online on August 27, 2009)


83. Hyoungseok Ju, Byungho Lim, Minjin Kim, Seung-Moo Noh, Dong Soo Han, Hang-Jong Yu, Bo Youl Choi, Yong         Sung Kim, Woo Ho Kim, Chunhwa Ihm, and Changwon Kang* "Genetic Variants A1826H and D2937Y in GAG-β         Domain of Versican Influence Susceptibility to Intestinal-type Gastric Cancer" J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.136             (2), 195-201 [February, 2010] (Published online on August 5,             2009)

82. Kyung Ran Jun, Woochang Lee, Mi Sook Jang, Sail Chun, Gi-Won Song, Kwan Tae Park, Sung Gyu Lee, Duck                Jong Han, Changwon Kang, Dae-Yeon Cho, Jin Q Kim, and Won-Ki Min* "Tacrolimus Concentrations in                        Relation to CYP3A and ABCB1 Polymorphisms among Solid Organ Transplant Recipients in                                            Korea"Transplantation 87 (8), 1225-1231 [April 27, 2009]

81. Il Kim, Yun Jung Kim, Kwangwoo Kim, Changwon Kang, Chan-Bum Choi, Yoon-Kyoung Sung, Hye-Soon Lee,               and Sang-Cheol Bae* "Genetic Studies of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in Asia: Where Are We Now?"Genes         and Immunity 10, 421-432 [July, 2009] (Published online on April 9,           2009)

80. Kwangwoo Kim^, Yoon-Kyoung Sung^, Changsoo Paul Kang, Chan-Bum Choi, Changwon Kang*, and Sang-               Cheol Bae* "A Regulatory SNP at Position -899 in CDKN1A Is Associated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus           and Lupus Nephritis" Genes and Immunity 10, 482-486 [July 2009]                                                                               online on March 5, 2009)

79. Seongwon Cha^, Chan-Bum Choi^, Tae-Un Han, Changsoo Paul Kang, Changwon Kang*, and Sang-Cheol Bae*         "Association of Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Antibody Levels with PADI4 Haplotypes in Rheumatoid                     Arthritis and with Shared Epitope Alleles in Very Late Rheumatoid Arthritis" Arthritis & Rheumatism 56 (5),             1454-1463 [May, 2007] (published online on April 27, 2007)

78. Chan-Bum Choi^, Changsoo Paul Kang^, Sang-Seokg Seong, Sang-Cheol Bae*, and Changwon Kang* "The                 -169C/T Polymorphism in FCRL3 Is Not Associated with Susceptibility to Rheumatoid Arthritis or Systemic                Lupus Erythematosus in a Case-control Study of Koreans" Arthritis & Rheumatism 54 (12), 3838-3841                        [December, 2006] (published online November 28, 2006)

77. Hyoungseok Ju, Hyunmi Cho, Yong Sung Kim, Woo Ho Kim, Chunhwa Ihm, Seung-Moo Noh, Jin-Bok Kim,                 Dong-Soo Hahn, Bo-Yuol Choi, and Changwon Kang* "Functional Polymorphism 57Val>Ile of Aurora Kinase A         Associated with Increased Risk of Gastric Cancer Progression" Cancer Letters 242 (2), 273-279 [October 28,               2006] (published online on January 18, 2006)

76. Changsoo Paul Kang^, Hye-Soon Lee^, Hyoungseok Ju, Hyunmi Cho, Changwon Kang*, and Sang-Cheol Bae*           "A Functional Haplotype of PADI4 Associated with Increased Rheumatoid Arthritis Susceptibility in                              Koreans"Arthritis & Rheumatism 54 (1), 90-96 [January 2006]                                                                                        (published online on December 29, 2005)

75. Jae-Bum Jun, Dae-Yeon Cho, Changwon Kang, and Sang-Cheol Bae* "Thiopurine S-Methyltranserase                         Polymorphisms and the Relationship between the Mutant Alleles and the Adverse Effects in Systemic Lupus           Erythematosus Patients Taking Azathioprine" Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology 23 (6), 873-876                     [December, 2005]

74. Sang-Chul Nam, and Changwon Kang* "DNA Light-strand Preferential Recognition of Human Mitochondria             Transcription Termination Factor mTERF" J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 38 (6), 690-694 [November 30, 2005]

73. J. Y.  Choi, A. Shin, S. K. Park, H. W. Chung, S. I. Cho, C. S. Shin, H. Kim, K. M. Lee, K. H. Lee, C. Kang, D. Y. Cho,           and D. Kang* "Genetic Polymorphisms of OPG, RANK, and ESRA, and Bone Mineral Density in Korean                       Postmenopausal Women" Calcified Tissue International 77 (3), 152–159 [2005]                                                        (Published online on September 8, 2005)

72. Hyoungseok Ju^, Kyung-A Lee^, Misuk Yang, Hee-Jin Kim, Changsoo Paul Kang, Tae-Sung Sohn, Jong-Chul                 Rhee, Changwon Kang*, and Jong-Won Kim* "TP53BP2 Locus Is Associated with Gastric Cancer                                   Susceptibility" Int. J. Cancer 117 (6), 957-960 [December 20, 2005]                                                                              online on June 28, 2005)

71. Kyoung-Mu Lee, Ji-Yeob Choi, Changwon Kang, Changsoo Paul Kang, Sue Kyung Park, Hyunmi Cho, Dae-Yeon           Cho, Keun-Young Yoo, Dong-Young Noh, Sei-Hyun Ahn, Chung-Gyu Park, Qingyi Wei, and Daehee Kang*                   "Genetic Polymorphisms of Selected DNA Repair Genes, Estrogen and Progesterone Receptor Status, and                 Breast Cancer Risk" Clinical Cancer Research 11, 4620-4626 [June 15, 2005]

70. Yuta Kochi, Ryo Yamada, Akari Suzuki, John B. Harley, Senji Shirasawa, Tetsuji Sawada, Sang-Cheol Bae,                    Shinya Tokuhiro, Xiaotian Chang, Akihiro Sekine, Atsushi Takahashi, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Yozo Ohnishi,                        Kenneth M. Kaufman, Changsoo Paul Kang, Changwon Kang, Shigeru Otsubo, Wako Yumura, Akio Mimori,              Takao Koike, Yusuke Nakamura, Takehiko Sasazuki, and Kazuhiko Yamamoto* "A Functional Variant in                      FCRL3, Encoding Fc Receptor-like 3, Is Associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Several Autoimmunities"                Nature Genetics 37 (5), 478-485 [May, 2005] (Advance Online Publication          on April 17, 2005). Erratum Nature Genetics 37 (6), 652 [June, 2005]

69. Changsoo Paul Kang^, Kyung Wha Lee^, Dae Hyun Yoo, Changwon Kang*, and Sang-Cheol Bae* "The                          Influence of a Polymorphism at Position -857 of the Tumor Necrosis Factor a Gene on Clinical Response to                Etanercept Therapy in Rheumatoid Arthritis" Rheumatology 44 (4), 547-552 [April, 2005]                                     (Advance Access Online on February 3, 2005). This paper is        solely covered in an Editorial by N. de Vries and P. P. Tak in Rheumatogy 44 (6), 705-707 [June, 2005]                 (Advance Access published on April 26, 2005)


68. Younghee Sohn, and Changwon Kang* "Sequential Multiple Functions of the Conserved Sequence in                          Sequence-specific Termination by T7 RNA Polymerase" Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 102 (1), 75-80 [January 4,            2005] (Online publication on December 22, 2004)

67. Eunkyoo Oh, Jonghyun Kim, Eunae Park, Jeong-Il Kim, Changwon Kang, and Giltsu Choi* "PIL5, a                                  Phytochrome Interacting Basic Helix-loop-helix Protein, Is a Key Negative Regulator of Seed Germination in              Arabidopsis" Plant Cell 16 (11), 3045-3058 [November 1, 2004]                                                                                     publication on October 14, 2004)

66. Soohyun Lee, and Changwon Kang* "CHOISS for Selection of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Markers on               Interval Regularity” Bioinformatics 20 (4), 581-582 [March 1, 2004]                                                                              (Advance Access Online on January 22, 2004)

65. Younghee Sohn, Haihong Shen, and Changwon Kang* “Stepwise Walking and Cross-linking of RNA with                   Elongating T7 RNA Polymerase” Methods Enzymol. 371, 170-179 [December 16, 2003]


64. Inkyung Shin, and Changwon Kang* “Mutational Analysis and Structure of the Phage SP6 Promoter”Methods         Enzymol. 370, 658-668 [December 16, 2003]

63. Doo Won Kwon, Jae-Ho Jeon, Changwon Kang*, and Yong Hae Kim* “New Synthesis of 3'-Deoxypurine                     Nucleosides Using Samarium(III) Iodide Complex” Tetrahedron Letters44 (43), 7941-7943 [October 20, 2003]

62. Kyung Goo Han, Dong Hee Kim, Eunsung Junn, Sang Soo Lee*, and Changwon Kang* "Identification of                      Bacteriophage K11 Genomic Promoters for K11 RNA polymerase" J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 35 (6), 637-641                    [November 30, 2002]

61. Byung Soo Kim, Jin Mo Park, Jeong Ho Yoon, Changwon Kang, and Young-Joon Kim* “Drosophila Med6 Is                 Required for Elevated Expression of a Large but Distinct Set of Developmentally Regulated Genes” Mol. Cell.           Biol21 (15), 5242-5255 [August 1, 2001]

60. Hoseok Song, and Changwon Kang* "Sequence-specific Termination by T7 RNA Polymerase Requires                          Formation of Paused Conformation Prior to the Point of RNA Release" Genes to Cells 6 (4), 291-301 [April,                2001]


59. Sang-Chul Nam, and Changwon Kang* "Expression of Cloned cDNA for the Human Mitochondrial RNA                      Polymerase in E. coli and Purification" Protein Expr. Purif. 21 (3), 485-491 [April, 2001]

58. Haihong Shen, and Changwon Kang* "Two Site Contact of Elongating Transcripts to Phage T7 RNA                              Polymerase at C-terminal Regions" J. Biol. Chem. 276 (6), 4080-4084 [February 9, 2001] http://                           (Published in JBC Online on October 30, 2000). This paper is mentioned          in a Commentary by K. Severinov in Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98 (1), 5-7 [January 2, 2001]                                   (Published onlne on December 19, 2000)

57. Young-Soo Kwon, Kai Tang, Charles R. Cantor, Hubert Koster, and Changwon Kang* “DNA Sequencing and                Genotyping by Transcriptional Synthesis of Chain-terminated RNA Ladders and MALDI-TOF Mass                                Spectrometry” Nucleic Acids Res. 29 (3), e11, 1-6 [February 1, 2001]

56. Inkyung Shin, Jinsuk Kim, Charles R. Cantor, and Changwon Kang* “Effects of Saturation Mutagenesis of the           Phage SP6 Promoter on Transcription Activity, Presented by Activity Logos” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 97 (8),             3890-3895 [April 11, 2000]


55. Jiyun Yoo, and Changwon Kang* “Bacteriophage SP6 RNA Polymerase Mutants with Altered Termination                 Efficiency and Elongation Processivity” Biomol. Eng. 16, 191-197 [June, 2000]

54. Seung-Hee Yim, Inwon Park, Jeong Keun Ahn, and Changwon Kang* “Translational Suppression by                             Hammerhead Ribozymes and Inactive Variants in S. cerevisiae” Biomol. Eng. 16, 183-189 [June, 2000]


53. Young-Soo Kwon, and Changwon Kang* "Bipartite Modular Structure of Intrinsic, RNA Hairpin-Independent           Termination Signal for Phage RNA Polymerases" J. Biol. Chem. 274, 29149-29155 [October 8, 1999]


       52. Hoseok Song, and Changwon Kang* "Promoter Recognition Domain of Phage RNA Polymerases" Proc. Mol. Biol.
 14, 255-256 [October 25, 1999]

51. Sang Soo Lee, Kiejung Park, and Changwon Kang* "Z-curve: a Computer Program Calculating DNA Helical Axis        Coordinates for Three-Dimensional Graphic Presentation of Curvature" Mol. Cells 9, 350-357 [August 31,                 1999]


50. Kyung Goo Han, Sang Soo Lee*, and Changwon Kang "Soluble Expression of Cloned Phage K11 RNA                           Polymerase Gene in E. coli at a Low Temperature" Protein Expr. Purif. 16, 103-108 [June, 1999]

49. Young Kyeong Kim, Eunsung Junn, Inwon Park, Younghoon Lee, Changwon Kang, and Jeongkeun Ahn*                     "Repression of Hepatitis B Virus X Gene Expression by Hammerhead Ribozymes" Biochem. Biophys. Res.                   Commun257, 759-765 [April 21, 1999]

       48. Inkyung Shin, and Changwon Kang* "Promoter Recognition by an Arginine of the Bacteriophage SP6 RNA
Proc. Mol. Biol. Genet13, 39-40 [1998]

47. Young-Soo Kwon, Jinsuk Kim, and Changwon Kang* "Viability of E. coli Cells Containing Phage RNA                           Polymerase and Promoter: Interference of Plasmid Replication by Transcription" Genet. Anal. Biomol. Eng.14,         133-139 [1998]


       46. Homin Kim, Hoseok Song, Inkyung Shin, and Changwon Kang* "An Arginine Residue Involved in Promoter
              Recognition of the Bacteriophage SP6 and T7 RNA Polymerases" 
Proc. Mol. Biol. Genet. 12, 65-66 [1997]

45. Woojin Jeong, and Changwon Kang* "The Histidine-805 in Motif-C of the Phage SP6 RNA Polymerase Is                    Essential for Its Activity as Revealed by Random Mutagenesis" Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 42 (4), 711-716 [1997]

44. Inkyung Shin, and Changwon Kang* "Effects of Single Substitution Mutations of the Bacteriophage SP6                     Promoter on Its in Vivo and in Vitro Transcription Efficiency" Recent Prog. Mol. Biol. Genet. 11, 3-4 [1996]

43. Jiyun Yoo, and Changwon Kang* "Variation of In Vivo Efficiency of the Bacteriophage T7 Terminator                           Depending on Terminator-upstream Sequences" Mol. Cells (3), 352-358 [1996]

        42. Eunsung Junn, Hoseok Song, Seung-Hee Yim, and Changwon Kang* "Hammerhead Ribozymes as Potential
              Therapeutic Agents against Human Hepatitis B Virus" 
Proceedings of the 50th Anniversary Conference of
              the Korean Chemical Society
 (Woon-Kie Paik, ed.), pp. 364-370 [1996]

41. Eunsung Junn, and Changwon Kang* "Detection of Hammerhead Ribozyme-mediated Cleavage and Reduced          Expression of LacZ' mRNA in E. coli" Genet. Anal. Biomol. Eng. 13, 1-7 [1996]

        40. Changwon Kang* “Human Genome Project and Atopy Genes” J. Korean Soc. Allergology 15, 446-452 [1995]

39. Hadong Kim, Yoon Chul Choi, Bum Yong Lee, Eunsung Junn, Jeongkeun Ahn, Changwon Kang, and Inwon                  Park* "Putative Secondary Structure of Human Hepatitis B Viral X mRNA" J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 28 (6), 509-            514 [1995]

        38. Young-Soo Kwon, and Changwon Kang* "Terminator and Polymerase Specificities of the Oligonucleotide-
              mediated Anti-Termination of Factor-Independent Terminators" 
Recent Progress Mol. Biol. Genet. Eng.
 10, 37-38 [1995]

37. Seong-Gene Lee, Inchul Lee, Sun H. Park, Changwon Kang, and Kyuyoung Song* "Identification and                            Characterization of a Human cDNA Homologous to Yeast SK12" Genomics 25, 660-666 [1995]

36. Woojin Jeong, and Changwon Kang* "Start Site Selection at lacUV5 Promoter Affected by the Sequence                   Context around the Initiation Sites" Nucleic Acids Res. 22, 4667-4672 [1994]

35. Young-Soo Kwon, and Changwon Kang* "The Oligoribonucleotides That Reduce Efficiency of the Bacteriophage                            T7 Terminator in Trans" Recent Progress Mol. Biol. Genet. Eng. Korea 9, 19-20 [1994]

34. Sang Soo Lee, Sang-Kyu Park, In Ho Cho, and Changwon Kang* "All 4 Bases of Both Strands at -9 and -8 in T7           Promoter Are Needed To Be Substituted by SP6-specific Bases to Switch Promoter Specificity" Biochem. Mol.         Biol. Int. 31, 1017-1021 [1993]


33. Sung Su Kim, Yeongjin Hong, and Changwon Kang* "Effects of Multiple Mutations at the Conserved TATA                 Sequence of Bacteriophage SP6 Promoter on Transcription Efficiency" Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 31, 153-159               [1993]


32. Sang Soo Lee, and Changwon Kang* "Two Base Pairs at -9 and -8 Distinguish between Bacteriophage T7 and            SP6 Promoters" J. Biol. Chem. 268, 19299-19304 [1993]


        31. Woojin Jeong, and Changwon Kang* "Selection of Transcription Initiation Sites by E. Coli RNA Polymerase" in
              Recent Advances in Life Sciences, 
Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium of Kyungpook National
, pp. 253-266 [1993]

        30. Young-Soo Kwon, Jong Tae Lee, and Changwon Kang* "RNA-mediated Antitermination of T7 RNA Polymerase
Recent Progress Mol. Biol. Genet. Eng. Korea (2), 65-70 [1992]

29. Sung Su Kim, and Changwon Kang* "Effects of Multiple Mutations at the Conserved TATA Sequence of T7                 Promoters on their Transcription Efficiency" Mol. Cells (3), 349-352 [1992]

28. Hojeung Kim, Jong Tae Lee, Young-Soo Kwon, and Changwon Kang* "Transcription of a DNA Sequence                     Reducing the Efficiency of the Phage T7 Factor-independent Terminator in Trans" Mol. Cells (2), 221-225               [1992]

27. Sang Soo Lee, and Changwon Kang* "Phage Promoter Base Pairs Discriminatively Recognized by SP6 and T7            RNA Polymerases" Mol. Cells (1), 83-86 [1992]

26. Jong Tae Lee, and Changwon Kang* "Transcript RNA having Trans-acting Anti-termination Activity on the T7           Transcription Terminator" Biochem. Int. 26, 163-170 [1992]

25. Sang Soo Lee, and Changwon Kang* "A Two-base-pair Substitution in T7 Promoter by SP6 Promoter-specific           Base Pairs Alone Abolishes T7 Promoter Activity but Reveals SP6 Promoter Activity" Biochem. Int. 26, 1-5                 [1992]


24. Woojin Jeong, and Changwon Kang* "Shift of Primary Transcription Initiation Site of E. coli lacUV5 Promoter           by Purine-to-Pyrimidine Change" Mol. Cells (3), 345-349 [1991]

23. Jong Tae Lee, Hojeung Kim, and Changwon Kang* "Terminator-distal Transcribed Sequences Affecting Factor-         independent Termination Efficiency of Phage T7 Terminator" Mol. Cells (2), 203-209 [1991]

22. Sang Soo Lee, and Changwon Kang* "A DNA Bending at Early Region of Phage T7 Gene 10 Analyzed by the              Wedge Model" Korean Biochem. J. 24 (6), 673-679 [1991]


21. Sang Soo Lee, Kiejung Park, and Changwon Kang* "A Computer Program to Calculate Total Wedge Angle of             Curved DNA" Korean Biochem. J. 24 (6), 666-672 [1991]

 Sang Soo Lee, Jong Tae Lee, Sang-Chul Nam, Sungjoon Kim, Kyungduk Moon, Seo-Hee Cho, and Changwon Kang*
               "Transcription Initiation and Termination of Phage SP6 and T7 RNA Polymerase" in 
Proceedings of the First
               Symposium on Biomolecules
, pp. 15-20 [1991]

19. Han Bok Kim, and Changwon Kang* "Strong Suppression of Chloramphenicol Acetyltransferase Expression by         Inducing T7 RNA Polymerase" Biotechnol. Lett. 13, 751-754 [1991]

18. Han Bok Kim, and Changwon Kang* "Activity of Chloramphenicol Acetyltransferase Overproduced in E. Coli            with Wild-type and Mutant GroEL" Biochem. Int. 25, 381-386 [1991]

17. Helen Cho, Sinae Kang, Ook Joon Yoo, and Changwon Kang* "Cloning and Exon-intron Mapping of Canine                Gastrin Gene" Korean Biochem. J. 23 (1), 69-74 [1990]

16. Seo-Hee Cho, and Changwon Kang* "DNA Sequence-dependent Cleavage Sites of Restriction Endonuclease             HphI" Mol. Cells (1), 81-86 [1990]

       15. Hojeung Kim, Jong Tae Lee, and Changwon Kang* "Factor-independent Transcription Terminator Affected by
              Initially Transcribed Sequence" 
Proceedings of the Second Korean-German Symposium on Molecular Genetics,
              pp. 33-42 [1990]

14. Han Bok Kim, and Changwon Kang* "Selective Overproduction of Chloramphenicol Acetyltransferase in the           T7 Expression System" Korean J. Microbiol. 27 (4), 317-322 [1989]

13. Sang-Chul Nam, and Changwon Kang* "Transcription Initiation Site Selection and Abortive Initiation Cycling           of Phage SP6 RNA Polymerase" J. Biol. Chem. 263, 18123-18127 [1988]

       12. Sang-Chul Nam, Sang Soo Lee, Sungjoon Kim, and Changwon Kang* "Transcription of Phage SP6 RNA Polymerase" 
              Recent Progress Mol. Biol. Genet. Eng. Korea (2), 249-258 [1988]

11. Sungjoon Kim, and Changwon Kang* "Phage T7 and SP6 RNA Polymerase Transcription Terminations by T7              Terminator" Korean Biochem. J. 21 (4), 389-395 [1988]

10. Sang-Chul Nam, and Changwon Kang* "Mutational Analysis of Transcription Initiation Site Selection by Phage        SP6 RNA Polymerase" Korean Biochem. J. 21 (3), 312-318 [1988]


09. Sang-Chul Nam, and Changwon Kang* "Processivity of Phage SP6 RNA Polymerase Transcription" Korean                 Biochem. J. 21 (3), 306-311 [1988]


       08. Changwon Kang*, Sang-Chul Nam, and In-Woo Lee "Mutational Analysis of Phage SP6 Transcription Initiation
              and a New Transcription Vector" 
Microorg. Ind. 14 (1), 7-11 [1988]

       07. Changwon Kang* "Genetic Analysis of Phage SP6 Transcription Initiation" Proceedings of the 10th Congress of
              Korean Scientists and Engineers in the World
, pp. 89-95 [1987]

06. Changwon Kang, and Cheng-Wen Wu* "Studies on SP6 Promoter Using a New Plasmid Vector That Allows               Gene Insertion at the Transcription Initiation Site" Nucleic Acids Res. 15, 2279-2294 [1987]

        05. Charles R. Cantor*, Cho-Fat Hui, Changwon Kang, Cassandra L. Smith, and Paul L. Wollenzien "RNA Structure
               in Solution and on the 30 S Ribosomal Subunit" in 
Structure, Function and Genetics of Ribosomes (B. Hardesty
               and G. Kramer, eds.), pp. 203-216, Springer-Verlag [1986]

04. Changwon Kang, and Charles R. Cantor* "Structure of Ribosome-bound Messenger RNA as Revealed by                    Enzymatic Accessibility Studies" J. Mol. Biol. 181, 241-251 [1985]


03. Changwon Kang, and Charles R. Cantor* "Enzymatic Synthesis of Uniformly 32P-Labeled Polyribonucleotides          and High-specific-activity Ribonucleoside 5'-[α-32P]Diphosphates" Anal. Biochem. 144, 291-295 [1985]

        02. Paul L. Wollenzien, Cho-Fat Hui, Changwon Kang, Robert F. Murphy, and Charles R. Cantor* "RNA Structure,
               Free and on the Ribosome, as Revealed by Chemical and Enzymatic Studies" in 
Mechanisms of Protein Synthesis 
              (E. Bermek, ed.), pp. 2-22, Springer-Verlag [1984]

01. Changwon Kang, Barbara Wells, and Charles R. Cantor* "A Fluorescent Derivative of Ribosomal Protein S18            Which Permits Direct Observation of Messenger RNA Binding" J. Biol. Chem. 254 (14), 6667-6672 [1979]